Dar es Salaam

DARAJA is an initiative that aims at improving access to and the usability of weather and climate information (weather forecasts, seasonal outlooks, weather warnings etc.) produced by the Tanzania Meteorological Authority (TMA) for Dar es Salaam’s residents who live in informal settlements, like Kigogo Mbuyni and others. This will enable residents to be more resilient and better prepared to take adaptive measures. The project also aims at enabling city authorities to make better climate and weather informed decisions in relation to urban informal settlements. DARAJA was a project under the Weather and Climate Information Services for Africa (WISER) East Africa programme which is funded by the FCDO and managed by the UK Met Office from 2018 to 2020.


DARAJA in East Africa was implemented by the DARAJA consortium which included Resurgence (UK), Kounkuey Design Initiative (KDI, Kenya) and Centre for Community Initiatives (CCI, Tanzania), in partnership with the Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD) and the Tanzania Meteorological Authority (TMA).


106 HHS respondents

1 settlement

5 Focus Group Discussions

6 Key Informant Interviews


  • Community communications system
  • Schools Programme
  • Clouds FM radio
  • Local municipality partnerships and community training

Key Inputs:

  • Rolling 5-days forecast
  • Terminology reference guide
  • Impact description guide


93% respondents access or receive weather and climate information.

Compared with 74% of respondents in the baseline.

Nairobi / HHS Survey Data Results-2020

% Access from the baseline to the Endline

% of total respondents [105]

79% respondents use the DARAJA pilots with SMS being the most popular channel.

SMS 69%

Face to Face 13%

Radio 12%


SMS Pilot

69% of respondents

Face to Face

13% of respondents

Clouds Fm Radio

12% of respondents

  • Language Used
  • The Information Was Easy to Understand
  • I trusted the source
  • Timing of the forecast (when I received it)
  • The information was accurate
  • It was relevant to my needs
  • Advice was provided
  • Relevant to my area

% of respondents who access WCI [99 respondents]


Daraja pilot channels

Overall, 91% of respondents state they understand the information received through pilot channels very well.


% of features which made understanding easier Daraja Pilot Channels

90% stated the source of the WCI as TMA.

Compared with 72% of respondents in the baseline who were aware TMA is the mandated WCI provider.

% of respondents who indicate TMA as source of WCI

% of respondents who access WCI [99]


% Accuracy of the WCI received

% of respondents who access WCI through Dararaja Pilots [85 respondents]

67% of respondents stated they found the information through the DARAJA services to be very accurate,
and an additional 31% found it to be accurate.


% of respondents who use WCI

% of respondents who access WCI through Daraja Pilots [85 respondents]

93% use the information through the DARAJA pilot services to take preparatory action.

Compared to 72% of respondents in the baseline.

80% of those share the information at work, with their household , other family and with friends.

Common actions taken

Common actions taken

  1. Moved belongings to safe

  2. space.

  3. Made repairs to the house.

  4. Clean household drains.

  5. Planned travel to work.

  6. Clean community drains.

% most common ways of use, from the Baseline to the Endline

  • Baseline [85 respondents]
  • Endline [82 respondents]

Avoided Damage & Loss

% of approximate saved income per week, by receiving WCI Tanzanian Shilling (Tsh)

%.of respondents who used WCI through Daraja Pilots [79 respondents]

81% felt the actions they took saved their household income.

81% felt they were able to protect their assets and valuables, most commonly their TV, small furniture, food and clothing.

School Pilot

Teachers and school children as an intermediary in WCIS.

Teachers were trained on WCI and implemented design modules and training classes for the students.

Tools like notice boards and school assemblies during school hours were used to share information.

Schools Pilot

Total 8 Schools

Teachers trained

Total 19
With 1 Teacher Coordinating Programme

Students trained

Total 240
An additional 13,711 students across the 8 schools have received the information

Student-led awareness campaign

Information was shared within households, and with family and friends

Feedback survey from 153 students from 5 schools

KII with teachers

3 Teachers trained

25 Students trained

2 Teachers trained

36 Students trained

2 Teachers trained

27 Students trained

2 Teachers trained

35 Students trained

3 Teachers trained

34 Students trained

2 Teachers trained

30 Students trained

3 Teachers trained

25 Students trained

2 Teachers trained

28 Students trained